AJK EPA Sections


    AJK-EPA took the initiative of monitoring different water systems throughout the AJK to estimate parameter of major concerns. The EPA laboratory has capacity of testing more than 20 different physio-chemical and bacteriological water quality parameters through standard methods, and comparing obtained values with permissible values given by World Health Organization (WHO) and National Drinking Water Quality Standards (NDWQS).

    “Themajor objective of EPA laboratory is to assess the quality of drinking water at sources and in distribution networks”.

    1.3 Profile of EPA-Water Quality Testing Laboratory

    a-Technical Staff :

    1.4 Analytical Methods/Testing Capacity:

    AJK-EPA Lab uses standard methods for analysis of water samples in the laboratory for physical, chemical and bacteriological parameters. The detail of the parameters and analysis methods adopted by AJK-EPA Lab are given below as in table-1:



    Analytical method/instrument

    Physical /Aesthetic



    Sensory Test



    Sensory Test



    Sensory Test



    EU-TECH, Multi parameter apparatus, Model PCD650,Singapore



    EU-TECH, Multi parameter apparatus, Model PCD650,Singapore






    Turbidity meter, HANNA instrument, Model HI-93703, Italy 



    EU-TECH, Multi parameter apparatus, Model PCD650, Singapore


    Dissolve Oxygen (DO)

    EU-TECH, Multi parameter apparatus, Model PCD650, Singapore

    Metals parameters



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          

    Non Metals /Trace and ultra-trace elements



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          


    Nitrite –NO2-

    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A, Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Arsenic Test kit, Colorimetric method with test strips by MERCK, Germany



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A ,Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    Spectroquant  NOVA 60-A ,Photometric method by MERCK, Germany          



    By titration method

    Microbiological Parameters


    Total Coliform

    Ready cult, Water Check by MERCK, German




































    1.5Quality Control Protocol:

    In order to measure the validity of data generated from water quality analysis, quality control measures and standard practices are adopted.  Quality Control Protocols are followed both in field and laboratory by adopting standard sampling and analytical methods using certified standard referencing for calibration, verification of calibration, reproducibility and cross analysis. Standardization and calibration of equipments for each parameter are carried out with certified referencing and standard methods, purchased from reputed companies

    1.6 Methodology:

    Standard methods & protocols were applied for collection of water sampling, recording and tabulation of data, analysis of water samples and development of GIS data base. The detail of methods used is given below:

    1.6.1 Planning of Water sampling in the field

    Planning session was arranged with Director General and Director AJK-EPA to streamline the schedule.

    1.6.2 Team Composition 

    Field team was constituted comprising one Chemist, one Lab assistant and field assistant. The field team was trained for dataand samples collection in accordance with the standard procedure and was equipped with necessary tools.

    1.6.3 Equipment Provided for Sample Collection

    • Number of bottles required for sampling.
    • Bacteriological testing kits.
    • Camera for visual documentation
    • GPS with one spare battery
    • Sprit Lamp, Spray gun, spirit, cotton
    • General items required for sampling e.g., data collection forms, water proof markers, ballpoints, masking tape, packing tap, drafting pad, plastic gloves etc.

    1.6.4 Check List of Activities during Collection of Samples

    • Coding on sample bottles with water proof marker.
    • Filling of data collection forms
    • Recording of GPS coordinate on sampling site.
    • Collection of two samples from each spring.
    • Preservation of samples
    • Bacteriological analysis on all sampling sites.
    • Labeling and marking of samples.

    1.6.5 Check List of Activities after Collection of Samples

    • Samples transportation to EPA water testing lab within 5-6 Hrs.
    • Filled data collection forms recorded on computer for further lab report generation.

    1.6.6 Data Collection and Compilation

    The data collection forms and Lab reports generated were developed and finalized with consultation of Director General (AJK-EPA), Director (AJK-EPA) and Deputy Director Lab (Pak-EPA) to collect the necessary information and data about source/ spring.  All the gathered data was scrutinized at head office AJK-EPA.

    1.6.7 Water Quality mapping of spring

    GIS techniques were used for this purpose; GPS coordinates were taken at each sampling site to identify the sampling position on map. GIS expert was given the task to supervise and prepare the water quality maps.

    1.6.8 Sample Collection and Preservation

    Water samples for physio-bio-chemical analysis were collected in polystyrene bottles of 1 liter capacities. Before collecting the samples, the bottles were washed properly and rinsed thoroughly 2-3 times first with water and then with distilled water. For bacterial analysis, samples were collected directly in sterilized containers provided with field testing kit (Water check, Redyult, MERCK). Boric acid was used as preservatives in the sampling bottles for nitrate and nitrogen before going to field.




    • This is the regular systematic collection and analysis of information to track the progress of program implementation against pre-set targets and objectives.
    • Monitoring gives information on where a policy, program or project is at any given time (or over time) relative to respective targets and outcomes. Monitoring focuses in particular on efficiency, and the use of resources.

    How We Monitor Compliance:

    Compliance monitoring is one of the key components EPA uses to ensure that the regulated community obeys environmental laws and regulations.  It encompasses all regulatory agency activities performed to determine whether a facility (or group of facilities, such as plants related geographically, by sector, or corporate structure) is in compliance with applicable law.  Compliance monitoring includes:

    ·         Formulation and implementation of compliance monitoring strategies

    ·         on-site compliance monitoring:  compliance inspections, evaluations, and investigations (including review of permits, data, and other documentation)

    ·         off-site compliance monitoring:  data collection, review, reporting, program coordination, oversight, and support


    Inspections are an integral part of EPA’s compliance monitoring programs.  They are an important tool for officially assessing compliance with environmental regulations and requirements.  EPA and its regulatory partners conduct compliance inspections under the majority of statutory and regulatory program authorities.

    Inspections are visits to a facility or site for the purpose of gathering information to determine whether it is in compliance. Inspections generally include pre-inspection activities such as obtaining general site information before entering the site. Other activities that may be conducted during the on-site visit include:

    • Interviewing facility or site representatives,
    • Reviewing records and reports,
    • Taking photographs,
    • Collecting samples, and
    • Observing facility or site operations.
    • Monitoring of ongoing development projects.

    Hydropower projects:

    AJK –EPA divided the districts into North and South Zones North zone consist of  Neelum, Muzaffarabad, Jhelum Valley, Bagh, Rawalakot and Haweli, while South Zone consist of Sudhnoti, Kotli, Mirpur and Bhimber.

    Hydropower projects initiated in AJK includes Karot Hydropower Project, Gulpur Hydropower project, Azad Pattan, Mahl Hydropower Project, Kohala hydropower project, Neelum Jhelum Hydropower project, Jagran II and III, Jhing-I and Rihali II projects. Some of the projects near to its completion while others will be completed soon.  

    • Arrange Environmental awareness campaigns, Seminars, Workshops
    • Public complaints and grievances regarding the Environment.
    • Monitoring and reporting.
    • Issuance of Notices to the proponents.
    • Issuance of Preliminary Clearance for exploration (NOCs) for Mineral Sector.
    • Issuance of Preliminary Clearance for (NOCs) Installation of (BTS Mobile Towers.
    • The campaign against the use and production of Plastic bags and alternative products.
    • Development of Awareness Raising Material.
    • Establishment of School Environmental Clubs.



    Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)/Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) is a process to evaluating the likely Environmental Impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial & adverse. In fact, it is a co-relating tool between sustainable development and environmental protection. 

    EIA/IEE section enforced under the EIA/IEE Regulations 2009, under section 11 of the Environment Protection Act 2000 in EPA-AJK. This section plays a vital role in the implementation of state development activities in environment-friendly manners to achieve the sustainable development goals of the state. EIA/IEE Regulation 2009 clearly scheduled the projects as schedule-I(projects require initial environmental examination) and schedule-II (projects require Environmental impact assessment).

    However, the agency can advise preparing EIA of the project heavy serious environmental impact or project falls in Environmental sensitive area.


    • Review fee @ Rs: 15000/- for IEE

     @ Rs: 30000/- for EIA

    • Filling of IEE or EIA to EPA
    • Preliminary Review by EIA –section of EPA
    • Public participation/Public Hearing
    • Review through the concern departments
    • EIA can be forwarded to the committee of experts for review on the basis of environmental sensitivity of the project implementation.
    • Post EIA Monitoring-Regular basis)
    • Confirmation of Compliance